Book 3 --- (49-48 bc) julius caesar, holding the election as dictator, was himself appointed consul with publius servilius for this was the year in which it was permitted by the laws that he should be chosen consul. In 49, the year the civil war broke out between pompey and caesar, antony was tribune of the plebs and vigorously supported caesar he fled from rome to caesar’s headquarters after receiving threats of violence. Pompey did not, which first led to important figures such as marc antony declaring loyalty to caesar, and eventually led to caesar crossing the rubicon river and declaring war on pompey. Julius caesar was a military and political leader in rome in the last century before christ he became well known because of his part in changing over rome from a republic to an empire. Civil war pompey was unable to come to terms with this situation and took over the command of the republic’s armies in italy in 49 bce, (the reason why he was persuaded to do so is unclear) pompey met caesar in pitched battle at pharsalus in thessaly and suffered terrible losses and a cruel defeat with the defeat of pompey and the.
Civil war resulted, and caesar's victory in the war put him in an unrivalled position of power and influence after assuming control of government, caesar began a programme of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the julian calendar. Pompey was a great soldier and might easily have won the war but for a fatal mistake at the battle of dyrrhachium in 48 bc when he was murdered by egyptian royal officials caesar is said to have wept and had his killers executed. Caesar made early gains in the subsequent civil war, defeating pompey’s army in italy and spain, but he was later forced into retreat in greece.
Chapter xxi the times of pompey and caesar the rise of pompey, i—the growing influence of caesar, ii —civil war between pompey and caesar, iii —the rule of julius caesar, iv i the rise of pompey failures of the sullan party—when sulla resigned his power and placed the government in the hands of his party, he no doubt thought that he had secured the state from any further disturbance. The battle of pharsalus was a decisive battle of caesar's civil war on 9 august 48 bc at pharsalus in central greece, gaius julius caesar and his allies formed up opposite the army of the republic under the command of gnaeus pompeius magnus (pompey the great. In 49 bc, the seven hundred fifth year since the founding of rome, julius caesar crossed a small border river called the rubicon and plunged rome into cataclysmic civil war tom holland's enthralling account tells the story of caesar's generation, witness to the twilight of the republic and its bloody transformation into an empire. Civil war against the sons of pompey evading the enemy fleet, caesar reached the african coast and marched his army inland finally caesar’s forces, estimated at 40,000, took on a depleted opposition of 60,000. In august 48 bce, julius caesar defeated his rival pompey and the last defenders of the roman republic in the battle of pharsalus in greece many died, but pompey managed to leave the battlefield and applied for asylum in ptolemaic egypt however, the egyptian authorities decided that it was better.
Pompey, for interests and fear and after the death of his wife (caesar's daughter), abandoned caesar's side: by winning caesar, he would have become the first man in rome and, maybe, he would have created an other kind of dictatorship. A civil war had flared up between two rival parties – the senatorial, or aristocratic party, and the democratic party fighting for sulla on behalf of the senatorial party, young pompey ranged as far as africa to inflict defeat on the dictator’s enemies. Pompey was a war hero who had been badly treated by the senate, while crassus was a multimillionaire the two men were rivals but caesar was able to bridge the gap between them and the three men. The senate disliked caesar and ordered him to get rid of his army caesar ignored them and at the battle of munda, defeated pompey there were many civil wars during rome in the first century bc, as many high-ranking patricians such as consuls fought to be more powerful than each other.
Julius caesar act 1 scene 1 page 2 julius caesar by: william shakespeare summary plot overview pompey caesar has just conquered the sons of his deceased enemy pompey he as won in a civil war, not a foreign conquest. Early in 49, as his command in gaul was coming to an end, caesar began civil war with his old associate, pompey the great, who had allied himself with the roman senate against caesar. Earlier, julius caesar's aunt had married marius, the urban plebeians' late hero, in an alliance that conferred aristocratic connections on marius and access to money for caesar's family pompey needed help getting land for his veterans and resurrecting his political favor.
Julius caesar: document 1 caesar, gaius julius 100 bc- 44 bc julius caesar wisely used the power he won he tried to eliminate the dishonest practices in the government he restarted the calendar, which was inaccurate, and 4 describe the reason there was another civil war after octavius and antony defeated. • military history on the morning of august 9, 48 bc, rome’s most famous general–gnaeus pompeius magnus, or pompey the great–apprehensively prepared his troops to face the army of rome’s most successful general, gaius julius caesar.
Julius caesar began his rise to power in 60 bce by forging an alliance with another general, pompey, and a wealthy patrician, crassus together, these three men assumed control of the roman republic, and caesar was thrust into the position of consul. In the last days of 50, civil war between pompey and julius caesar became inevitable in chapter 28 of his life of julius caesar, the greek author plutarch of chaeronea describes what the two men thought in these weeks the translation below was made by robin seager  it was only recently that. The great roman civil war (49–45 bc), also known as caesar's civil war, comprising julius caesar, crassus, and pompey, ascended to power with caesar's election as consul despite his much larger army, he was conclusively defeated by caesar's troops a major reason for pompey's defeat was a miscommunication among front cavalry horsemen. What was julius caesar claim to fame he was marius' ( leader of common army in 1st civl war) nephew and he had the overwhelming support of the people what did crassus, julius caesar and pompey do in order to rule peacefully together.